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Are Payday Loans Dischargeable in a Chapter 7?

Payday loans are generally dischargeable without any arguments in a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy, because these loans are unsecured debts. There are, however, a few special cases.

Payday Loans

Fraud

If you borrowed money within 90 days prior to filing bankruptcy, there is a presumption of bankruptcy fraud. Simply stated, the law presumes that you never intended to repay the money and that you used your bankruptcy filing as a sword instead of a shield. In such a situation, the payday lender may file an objection to discharge and a motion to remove the stay.

Many bankruptcy judges do not like payday lenders, believing that these lenders charge usurious rates and take advantage of consumers. Whether that perception is true or false is not the point. Because of this attitude, some judges may require the payday lender to prove fraudulent intent. Intent is particularly hard to prove if the actual loan was originally taken out more than 90 days prior to filing, and the consumer had to keep renewing the loan.

Postdated Check

Some payday lenders may require you to surrender a postdated check. After you file, they may attempt to cash the check, arguing that they deposited the instrument in the normal course of business.

But the automatic stay prohibits creditors from taking any action against you, and the payday lender is clearly a “creditor” at that point.

Vehicle Title Loan

Many people place title loans and payday loans in the same category. For non-bankruptcy purposes, this classification may be appropriate. But, by accepting cash and putting up your car title as security for repayment, the vehicle title loan is a secured debt. The debt itself may be dischargeable, but the lender’s lien on your car title is still valid.

One option is a cram-down. If you borrowed $3000 but your car is only worth $1000, you may be able to pay the $1000 and keep your car. Another option is a conversion to a Chapter 13 bankruptcy, when the automatic stay stays in effect much longer, giving you time to pay off the loan.

To find relief from your creditors, contact us in Melbourne, Florida for your free consultation.

Contact Faro & Crowder, Pa to Learn About Your Bankruptcy Options

If you are interested in learning more about how a bankruptcy filing will impact your debt, contact Faro Crowder, PA to schedule an appointment.

Speak with an experienced Foreclosure Defense and Bankruptcy Attorney at Faro & Crowder, PA 321-784-8158


Services Areas

We provide services throughout Central Florida including: Melbourne, Titusville, Palm Bay, Merritt Island, Cocoa, Cocoa Beach, Satellite Beach, West Melbourne, Cape Canaveral, Viera and Eau Gallie.

Get In Touch with Faro & Crowder, PA

Faro & Crowder, PA
Phone: 321-784-8158
Address:
1801 N. Sarno Road, Suite 01
Melbourne, FL 32935
Email

The information on this blog or any blog is not intended as, and should not be taken as, legal advice.

 

Small Business and Bankruptcy

If you are the owner of a small business, your personal finances are probably closely linked with your business. Most small business owners invest a large amount of their time and money in trying to ensure their entity is successful. However, when the business faces financial struggles, it means the business owner is likely to experience financial troubles too.

Small Business and Bankruptcy | Law Firm Melbourne FL

It is common for an owner to obtain business loans by providing the lender with a personal guarantee. It is also likely that you have used personal credit cards or personal savings, including loans from your retirement account, to help keep the business afloat. This can result in you accumulating an overwhelming amount of personal debt, as well as the business debt.

If this is the situation you are facing, it may be time to consider filing a business bankruptcy and/or a personal bankruptcy. If the business is an incorporated entity, it can file its own case. Depending on the circumstances, a Chapter 7 or 11, or a state-court supervised dissolution could allow the business to reorganize its debt and obtain a fresh start, or it could assist with providing an orderly liquidation and closure of the business.

Bankruptcy can also benefit the business owner with eliminating personal debt incurred in connection with the business, in addition to any other personal debt such as credit card and medical bills. If the business is a separate legal entity and it does not file for bankruptcy protection, the owner’s filing typically will not impact the business and it can continue normal operations. It is important to understand, however, that the value of an owner’s stock interest in the business is considered an asset, which means it must be disclosed in the personal filing. Usually a trustee has no interest in the business assets when the business owner files bankruptcy, but it is vital that you seek legal counsel to determine if or how your filing could affect your business.

If you are a business owner and have questions regarding how bankruptcy could benefit you and/or your business, contact us for a free consultation.

Speak with an experienced Bankruptcy Attorney at Faro & Crowder, PA 321-784-8158


Services Areas

We provide services throughout Central Florida including: Melbourne, Titusville, Palm Bay, Merritt Island, Cocoa, Cocoa Beach, Satellite Beach, West Melbourne, Cape Canaveral, Viera and Eau Gallie.

Get In Touch with Faro & Crowder, PA

Faro & Crowder, PA
Phone: 321-784-8158
Address:
1801 N. Sarno Road, Suite 01
Melbourne, FL 32935
Email

The information on this blog or any blog is not intended as, and should not be taken as, legal advice.

Important Questions to Ask About Your Business Debt

Being a business owner is a lot of work. You invest your time, money and effort into making your business a success. But if your entity is struggling, it can have a significant impact on your personal finances. If your company is not making a profit, you are likely trying to figure out how you can deal with your business debt.

questions bus debt pic

Business Debt and Your Business

Below are a few important questions to ask yourself:

Can I save the business?

If you have run the numbers or you’ve been struggling to make ends meet for a long time, it may be time to face the hard truth that the business cannot be saved. You may want to avoid having the business file for bankruptcy protection, but not at the expense of your own personal financial stability. Before depleting personal funds to save your entity, confer with us so we can explore all of your available debt relief options.

Can I lower my expenses?

You might be surprised at how much you can help your business by cutting back on your expenses. If you are unable or unwilling to use personal funds to keep your business afloat, consider the ways you can reduce your costs. Many times this requires you to be creative or take certain steps that are unattractive, but if the cutbacks help you keep the doors to your business open, they are likely worth it.

Can I increase sales?

Most business owners do everything in their power to increase their sales. If your company’s exposure has been limited to one market, consider ways to expand. With the use of the internet, there are a variety of ways to get your company’s name out there at very little cost. And don’t forget the customers or clients you already have – contact them and offer incentives for them to give you repeat business or to pay you quicker. It may even be beneficial to confer with your suppliers and negotiate discounts and/or payment plans.

Speak with an experienced Business Debt Attorney at Faro & Crowder, PA 321-784-8158


Services Areas

We provide services throughout Central Florida including: Melbourne, Titusville, Palm Bay, Merritt Island, Cocoa, Cocoa Beach, Satellite Beach, West Melbourne, Cape Canaveral, Viera and Eau Gallie.

Get In Touch with Faro & Crowder, PA

Faro & Crowder, PA
Phone: 321-784-8158
Address:
1801 N. Sarno Road, Suite 01
Melbourne, FL 32935
Email

The information on this blog or any blog is not intended as, and should not be taken as, legal advice.

What You Need to Know About Credit Card Debt in Bankruptcy

Credit card debt is one of the most common factors that contribute to individuals filing for bankruptcy protection.

Credit Card Debt Relief | Melbourne, FL | Faro & Crowder, PA

If you are overwhelmed by your credit card bills, filing a Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 may be the solution. In a typical Chapter 7, the majority (if not all) of your credit card debt will be discharged or eliminated. In a typical Chapter 13, you will pay a percentage (typically a very low percentage, if anything at all) of what is owed on your unsecured debts.

It is important to understand, however, that there are exceptions to the general rule. Pursuant to 11 U.S.C. §523(a), there are a few exceptions to the rule of dischargeability. The two most common types of credit card debt to be excluded from discharge, include:

  • Credit obtained by lying. When a debtor puts false information on his or her credit application in order to qualify for the credit card, the lender can seek to have all of the purchases made on the credit card to be non-dischargeable. If the court agrees with your lender, you will remain liable to pay the debt even after your bankruptcy case has concluded. The most common occurrences of lying to obtain credit include significantly over-estimating income or under-estimating debt.
  • Fraudulent purchases. Many people incorrectly believe that they can make purchases on their credit card in the days leading up to their bankruptcy filing and discharge the debt. Any charges that are incurred by fraud or false representations can be held to be non-dischargeable. If the court holds that you used your credit card to buy items with no intent to pay for them, you will remain liable to pay the debt. Additionally, if a debtor buys frivolous items, maxes out the limit on the credit card, or even drastically increases credit card use just prior to filing bankruptcy, the creditor can challenge the dischargeability of the debt.

Questions About Bankruptcy Protection?

If you have questions about filing for bankruptcy protection, we have the answers.

Credit Card Debt Relief Melbourne Florida

Call us today to schedule your initial consultation. Our office is located in Melbourne, but we proudly serve individuals and businesses across the State of Florida.

Speak with an experienced Foreclosure Defense and Bankruptcy Attorney at Faro & Crowder, PA 321-784-8158


Services Areas

We provide services throughout Central Florida including: Melbourne, Titusville, Palm Bay, Merritt Island, Cocoa, Cocoa Beach, Satellite Beach, West Melbourne, Cape Canaveral, Viera and Eau Gallie.

Get In Touch with Faro & Crowder, PA

Faro & Crowder, PA
Phone: 321-784-8158
Address:
1801 N. Sarno Road, Suite 01
Melbourne, FL 32935
Email

The information on this blog or any blog is not intended as, and should not be taken as, legal advice.

Can Bankruptcy Reduce Your House Payments?

Preventing Home Foreclosure

A previous post discussed some of the general aspects of a Chapter 13 Bankruptcy plan. For a homeowner who is delinquent their mortgage, the amount to be repaid may be substantially lower than the amount the moneylender claims that you owe.

Home Mortgage Foreclosure Attorney | Melbourne, FL

Mortgage Company Reasonableness

Most mortgage companies are upfront and evenhanded when dealing with their customers. However, it is not uncommon for mortgage companies to charge some outlandish fees, such as:

  • Processing fees
  • Underwriting fee
  • Excessive application fees
  • Property inspection fees

Be on the lookout for such fees, and question them if they pop up. An attorney may also be able to argue that such fees are not reasonably related to the mortgage transaction, and have these fees stricken from the delinquency amount.

Avoiding The Lien

Ask your attorney about some lien-reduction options that may be available. In some jurisdictions, you might file a motion to avoid the lien and dramatically reduce the past-due amount:

  • Cram-down: In some cases, you may be able to repay the current Fair Market Value of an item as opposed to the contract price. For example, if you bought a house for $100,000 but it is now only worth $80,000, you may be able to cram down the mortgage $20,000.
  • Strip-off: If there are multiple liens on a house and the FMV is too low to secure both lies, the junior lien may be subject to removal. Many people who bought real estate with an 80/20 financing package may be in this situation.
  • Statute of limitations: A Texas court has held that if a lender sends an acceleration notice but fails to foreclose within the proper time period, the lender has forfeited its right to foreclose on the note.

A Chapter 13 bankruptcy is nearly always voluntary, meaning that you must file it yourself. To make an investment in a better financial future, contact our office in Melbourne, Florida for your free consultation.

Services Areas

We provide services throughout Central Florida including: Melbourne, Titusville, Palm Bay, Merritt Island, Cocoa, Cocoa Beach, Satellite Beach, West Melbourne, Cape Canaveral, Viera and Eau Gallie.

Consultations

We offer a free initial consult for bankruptcy, debt relief, credit card debt and foreclosure defense.  Contact our office to schedule your consultation and discuss your debt relief options.

Our office is conveniently located on Sarno Road in Melbourne.


Faro & Crowder, PA
Phone: 321-784-8158
Address:
1801 N. Sarno Road, Suite 01
Melbourne, FL 32935
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We are a debt relief agency. We help people file for bankruptcy under the bankruptcy code.

Do you have too much debt? Chapter 7 Bankruptcy might be an option.

Many Americans simply have more debt than they can afford to repay.

Despite what you hear, it is rarely due to irresponsibility.  No one sets out to accumulate $7,000 in credit card debt, but a temporary job loss, sudden illness or other financial emergency can quickly drain savings and force people to charge normal living expenses.

Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Attorneys proudly serving Palm Bay, Melbourne and Brevard County

Bankruptcy Attorneys serving Palm Bay, Florida

Chapter 7 Bankruptcy options – Palm Bay and Melbourne, Florida

When coupled with student loans, signature loans, payday loans and other unsecured loans, consumer debt in America tops $3 trillion. Since most people can expect negligible wage growth and have little savings, credit card debt can easily push a family over its own fiscal cliff.

Even if the debt was not your fault, the bills are still due and something must be done. If paying the bills is not an option, Chapter 7 Bankruptcy may be the answer.

Learn more about Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

In just a few short months, Chapter 7 Bankruptcy can wipe out most unsecured debts including credit cards and medical bills. All that time, your creditors may not take any action against you unless they get special permission from the Bankruptcy Court. After the bankruptcy is over, you still get to keep your house, retirement account, and other valuable exempt assets.

Contact Faro & Crowder, PA today to learn about your Bankruptcy Options

We represent individuals, families, and businesses in Palm Bay, Melbourne, the Space Coast and Brevard County, Florida.  Contact us at our office in Melbourne, Florida to learn more about debt-elimination programs.  We offer a free initial consult for bankruptcy to help you learn about your debt relief options and moving forward.

Speak with an experienced Foreclosure Defense and Bankruptcy Attorney at Faro & Crowder, PA 321-784-8158


Services Areas

We provide services throughout Central Florida including: Melbourne, Titusville, Palm Bay, Merritt Island, Cocoa, Cocoa Beach, Satellite Beach, West Melbourne, Cape Canaveral, Viera and Eau Gallie.

Get In Touch with Faro & Crowder, PA

Faro & Crowder, PA
Phone: 321-784-8158
Address:
1801 N. Sarno Road, Suite 01
Melbourne, FL 32935
Email

The information on this blog or any blog is not intended as, and should not be taken as, legal advice.

 

Weighing the Pros and Cons of Filing Bankruptcy

Before Filing Bankruptcy: Weigh All of Your Debt Relief Options

Before you jump into a personal filing, it is important to carefully weigh all of your debt relief options. There are pros and cons to filing a bankruptcy and you must understand both the good and the bad consequences of your decision to file a Chapter 7 or Chapter 13. Although each bankruptcy case is unique and you should have one of our experienced bankruptcy attorneys review your individual finances, the following are a few of the advantages and disadvantages of a personal bankruptcy:

Brevard County Florida Bankruptcy Attorney

Bankruptcy Attorney serving Rockledge, Florida

Pros:

A personal bankruptcy is the most comprehensive means for dealing with your debt. All of your creditors must be included in your filing, so when you receive your discharge order, it truly provides you with a fresh financial start. Additional benefits include:

  • The majority (if not all) of your debts will be eliminated and you are no longer legally obligated to pay them.
  • The automatic stay goes into effect as soon as your bankruptcy petition is filed, which means that all collection activity against you will stop.
  • In many cases and depending on which chapter you file under, you probably will be able to keep possession of all of your assets.
  • If you file a Chapter 13 and you must repay all or a portion of your creditors, you can create a manageable repayment plan and spread out your payments over three to five years.
  • You may qualify to remove inferior mortgage liens from your home. This means that the inferior mortgage will be treated as an unsecured debt which is typically paid mere pennies on the dollar owed.
  • As soon as you obtain your discharge of debt, you can immediately begin working to rebuild positive credit.

Cons:

Nobody wants to have to file for bankruptcy protection. However, due to our economy and the vast number of people that have had to file a Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 case, it is not as embarrassing as it once was. Other negatives regarding bankruptcy include:

  • Your credit score will be negatively impacted. For many debtors who have already damaged their credit rating with late payments, collection lawsuits, garnishments, foreclosures or asset seizures, the effect on their score is not significant.
  • Having a bankruptcy notation on your credit report can make it harder for you to qualify for a mortgage loan until your credit score improves
  • Depending on what type of bankruptcy case you file and your individual situation, there may be a small risk that some of your assets will be used to pay creditors
  • In order to take advantage of your fresh start, you must live on a budget and change any irresponsible spending behaviors
  • Once you have filed a bankruptcy and received a discharge, you cannot file for debt relief again for several years

Contact Faro & Crowder, PA to schedule your Debt Relief Consultation

To learn more about the consequences of filing for bankruptcy protection, contact Faro & Crowder to schedule an appointment. Our office is located in Melbourne, but we proudly serve businesses across Brevard County including Palm Bay, West Melbourne, Titusville, Cocoa, Cocoa Beach and Satellite Beach.

Speak with an experienced Bankruptcy Attorney at Faro & Crowder, PA 321-784-8158


Services Areas

We provide services throughout Central Florida including: Melbourne, Titusville, Palm Bay, Merritt Island, Cocoa, Cocoa Beach, Satellite Beach, West Melbourne, Cape Canaveral, Viera and Eau Gallie.

Get In Touch with Faro & Crowder, PA

Faro & Crowder, PA
Phone: 321-784-8158
Address:
1801 N. Sarno Road, Suite 01
Melbourne, FL 32935
Email

The information on this blog or any blog is not intended as, and should not be taken as, legal advice.

Have Credit Card Debt? Debt Forgiveness vs. Bankruptcy

Many individuals contact us because they are drowning in debt and don’t know which debt relief option is the best for them. We commonly get questions regarding having debt “written-off” by lenders and how it impacts them. Typically, a lender will write-off your debt (also referred to as charging-off your debt) if you have been delinquent on your payments for a long period of time. In fact, many companies have an internal accounting procedure that automatically performs this function because it permits the lender to deduct the loss as an expense. What does it mean to you? If your debt is written-off, it is important to understand that you are still liable to pay it.

debt forgiveness v bky pic

For example, if your credit card company writes-off your debt, it can still continue its collection activity against you. The original lender can attempt to collect it from you or, more commonly, your delinquent account will be sold to a collection agency or a debt-buyer. When a debt-buyer purchases your debt, it is for a substantially lower amount than what is owed. Because your account was purchased at a discount, the collector may be willing to spend the money to file a collection lawsuit against you. If you fail to respond to the lawsuit (which the collector is hoping will occur), a default judgment will be entered against you. Once the collector has a judgment, it can file a garnishment of your bank account and/or wages, as well as take advantage of other collection tactics.

If you are considering filing a Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy, you should be sure to include your debts that have been written-off. As soon as your bankruptcy petition is filed, the automatic stay goes into effect and all collection activity against you must cease. This includes the harassing telephone calls, lawsuits, garnishments and other similar efforts.

If you are hesitant to file for bankruptcy and you have collection lawsuits pending against you, it is important to contact us for help. Do not ignore the lawsuits because they will not just disappear! We can file an answer on your behalf and prevent a default judgment from being granted by the court against you. You may have several defenses available to you as well. We can use this time to negotiate with your creditor and attempt to reach a settlement for a significantly lower amount that what you owe.

Don’t delay any longer. Call us today to schedule your initial consultation. Our office is located in Melbourne, but we proudly serve individuals and businesses across the State of Florida.

Bankruptcy Lawyer serving Palm Bay, Melbourne and Brevard County

If you live in the Palm Bay or the Melbourne area and are interested in learning more about how a bankruptcy filing will impact your debt, contact Faro Crowder, PA to schedule an appointment.  Our office is conveniently located on Sarno Road in Melbourne.  We offer free initial consultations for bankruptcy and foreclosure defense.

Speak with an experienced Bankruptcy Attorney at Faro & Crowder, PA 321-784-8158

We offer a free initial consult for bankruptcy, debt relief, credit card debt and foreclosure defense.  Contact our office to schedule your consultation and discuss your debt relief options.


Services Areas

We provide services throughout Central Florida including: Melbourne, Titusville, Palm Bay, Merritt Island, Cocoa, Cocoa Beach, Satellite Beach, West Melbourne, Cape Canaveral, Viera and Eau Gallie.

Get In Touch with Faro & Crowder, PA

Faro & Crowder, PA
Phone: 321-784-8158
Address:
1801 N. Sarno Road, Suite 01
Melbourne, FL 32935
Email

The information on this blog or any blog is not intended as, and should not be taken as, legal advice.

 

Options to Consider when a Judgment is Entered Against You

Many people who fall behind on their bills feel overwhelmed when creditors start filing collection lawsuits against them. In fact, it is not uncommon for people to simply ignore the lawsuits and hope they will simply go away. This tactic never works! As soon as you are served with a petition or complaint against you, confer with an attorney so you understand all of your options.

Options when a judgment is entered against you - Brevard County Bankruptcy

Once a creditor has obtained a court judgment against you, it is important to understand there are still different ways to deal with it. While no two cases are identical and you should always seek legal advice regarding your specific situation, below are a few options to consider:

Personal bankruptcy. If you are feeling overwhelmed by your debt, filing a Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy may allow you to discharge or cancel a collection entered against you. Again, you should consult with a debt relief lawyer to confirm that the type of judgment entered against you will be discharged, but this could save you thousands of dollars!

Wait and see. If you are reluctant to file a personal bankruptcy, you may consider waiting and seeing what actions the creditor pursues after obtaining the judgment against you. Of course, there is substantial risk involved depending upon your unique situation. In fact, this course of action (or inaction) is only suggested if you are considered to be “judgment proof.” In other words, you do not own any non-exempt property or other means for the creditor to be able to collect the judgment from you. Additionally, if the creditor fails to take any action to enforce or renew its judgment against you, it will eventually expire.

Negotiate and settle. Don’t make the mistake of believing your settlement options are over once a judgment has been entered against you. Many creditors are still willing to settle your debt post-judgment in order to avoid incurring the expenses associated with trying to collect from you. Thus, you may be able to pay off the judgment for less than the full amount. In some cases, you may be allowed to set-up a payment plan to satisfy the judgment. Just remember, you must obtain a court-stamped satisfaction of judgment in order for the unpaid judgment notation to be removed from your record!

Contact Faro & Crowder, PA today for a free initial consultation

Call us today to schedule your initial consultation. Our office is located in Melbourne on Sarno Road, but we proudly serve individuals and businesses across the State of Florida.

Speak with an experienced Foreclosure Defense and Bankruptcy Attorney at Faro & Crowder, PA 321-784-8158


Services Areas

We provide services throughout Central Florida including: Melbourne, Titusville, Palm Bay, Merritt Island, Cocoa, Cocoa Beach, Satellite Beach, West Melbourne, Cape Canaveral, Viera and Eau Gallie.

Get In Touch with Faro & Crowder, PA

Faro & Crowder, PA
Phone: 321-784-8158
Address:
1801 N. Sarno Road, Suite 01
Melbourne, FL 32935
Email

The information on this blog or any blog is not intended as, and should not be taken as, legal advice.

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